Lactulose: Lactulose is a disaccharide-permeable laxative that promotes colonic peristalsis and relieves constipation by retaining moisture and increasing stool volume. It will not be absorbed into the blood after oral administration, does not affect the growth of the fetus, does not affect
breastfeeding, does not cause blood sugar fluctuations, and is equally applicable to people who are intolerant to lactose. For constipation during pregnancy, lactulose has a good therapeutic effect and has few safety side effects. It is approved by the US FDA for the treatment of maternal constipation. (The use of cathartic agents or strong stimulating agents: such as Kailulu, Senna, etc.)
When general treatments are unable to achieve the purpose of relieving symptoms, we should consider using drugs for intervention.
Take the correct bowel movement
Avoid standing for a long time, exercise properly, often do levator ani exercise and Kegel exercise to enhance the function of the pelvic floor muscles.
Inconvenient, good bowel habits: Colonic activity is most active in the morning and after meals. It is recommended to try bowel movements in the morning and within 2 hours after the meal. Focus on defecation, reduce external disturbances, avoid consummation and sedentary defecation (especially recommended not to carry any newspaper books, electronic products when going to the toilet), because the pain and sedentary defecation will increase the incidence of rickets.
Avoid drinking alcohol, or eat a lot of spicy things like peppers and peppers.
Dietary regulation (including consumption of adequate dietary fiber and water) is the preferred non-surgical treatment for symptomatic rickets and has a significant effect on improving prolapse and bleeding symptoms of mild to moderate rickets.
Therefore, the general principles for prevention and treatment of acne and constipation during pregnancy are:
Good eating habits and proper exercise can not only help pregnant mothers avoid the occurrence of hemorrhoids and constipation, but also control the weight during pregnancy, which is conducive to the recovery of postpartum body.
During the pregnancy, safe exercise should be carried out with physical fitness, but it is not recommended to stay in bed for respiratory exercise. Long-term bed rest will increase the risk of venous thrombosis of the lower extremities and cause constipation.
Although I can’t do strenuous exercise after pregnancy, but because of my long-term exercise habits, I still insist on lightweight yoga stretching in the early and middle pregnancy. The daily “walking” habits throughout the pregnancy, until the day of delivery. I have been shopping in the mall for more than an hour.
Because of my professional relationship with anorectal diseases, I am very concerned about the habit of establishing a good life, diet and defecation. Therefore, I have never had any symptoms of acne and constipation before pregnancy. However, after entering the fourth month of pregnancy, a small amount of blood in the stool appears intermittently, and the stool tends to become dry. On the basis of a balanced diet, I began to consciously increase the intake of crude fiber. Every day, whether it is milk or soy milk, add more oatmeal, eat more beans, nuts, grains, vegetables and fresh fruits. After adjusting the diet for less than a week, the condition of blood in the stool did not appear again, and the bowel movements were very smooth.
The recommended amount of dietary fiber per day for the National Academy of Sciences (IOM) is 25 grams per day (≤ 50 years for women) and 21 grams per day for women (> 50 years). However, the high intake of cellulose in the short term may cause discomfort in abdominal distension, so the intake is gradually increased. If you really don’t like to eat vegetables, you can try to take the cellulose extracted from the plants, which can be bought at the general pharmacy, but at the same time must maintain sufficient water intake.
Meal and exercise are important
How to prevent acne and constipation during pregnancy?
In terms of living habits, the amount of activity of women after pregnancy will be significantly reduced, intestinal peristalsis will be slowed down, feces will stay in the intestines for a long time, and a large amount of water will be reabsorbed, causing constipation to dry up and cause constipation. Because of the constipation, the difficulty of defecation is difficult to induce or aggravate the symptoms of hemorrhoids, causing a series of discomforts such as bleeding, prolapse, and pain. Looping back and forth, becoming a vicious circle.
Sex hormones in women mainly include progesterone, estrogen, relaxin, etc., which play a role in maintaining the physiological characteristics of women. After entering pregnancy, the secretion of these sex hormones will be greatly improved. Among them, the effect of “relaxing the tissue” will exert a great influence on the supporting structure of the pelvic floor and the sacral tissue, which will provide favorable conditions for the prolapse of acne.
3. Secretion from sex hormones
Perhaps you can hardly imagine that in the non-pregnancy period, the woman’s uterus is close to the size of an egg, and the uterus at the full term can grow into a “watermelon”. The weight is gradually increased from 50g in non-pregnancy to 1000g, which is the original 20 Times! The inferior vena cava silently withstood the pressure caused by the huge uterus, and the venous venous return was again affected, which induced acne or aggravated the original rickets. In the second trimester, the enlarged uterus also exerts pressure on the rectum and sigmoid colon, leading to obstructive constipation.
2. Pressure from the uterus
After pregnancy, the peripheral blood circulation of pregnant women begins to increase, and by the time of 34 weeks of pregnancy, it can increase by about 1400ml. The amount of arteriovenous blood in the pelvic cavity also increases accordingly, just as the traffic volume on the road is increasing, which will inevitably lead to a slowdown in driving speed. Due to the slowing of the reflux velocity of the inferior vena cava in pregnant women , the secondary venous return pressure increases and the flow rate slows down, which may cause local blood flow stagnation, tissue edema and thrombosis.
1. Changes from blood rheology
In terms of physiological changes, there are three main points:
Why are pregnant women prone to acne?
Due to the influence of living habits and physiological factors, pregnant women become a high-risk group of acne. How can the mothers with hemorrhoids survive the pregnancy? The following is an explanation given by the professional doctor of anorectal: How to have a pregnant mother pregnancy?